Put concisely, I loved it. Mario Beauregard challenges the dominant materialistic view among scientists that mind = brain. He presents a number of phenomena that can’t be explained by materialism, such as placebos, neurofeedback, meditation, psi, hypnosis, and out of body/near death experiences. All of these are examples of ways that thoughts, beliefs, and emotions can influence what happens in our brains and bodies and affect our heath and well-being. In other words, our physical bodies don’t seem to be wholly determined by our physical brains.
“Mental activity is not the same as brain activity, and we are not “meat puppets,” totally controlled by our brains, our genes, and our environments. Indeed, our minds and our consciousness can significantly affect events occurring in the brain and body, and outside the body. We do have these immensely important capacities, and it is time for science to begin taking them seriously.”
For a while I’ve felt torn regarding the mind-brain relationship. If scientists didn’t believe that studying the brain would inform them about the mind and consciousness, why would they study it? But at the same time, people are drawn towards the idea that there is more to the mind than simply the physical brain, or else they would not practice religions geared towards life after death, when the mind transcends the physical. It’s always felt like a bit of an impasse.
Beauregard’s claim is that the mind and the physical world aren’t actually separated, but instead they just appear to be. They are distinct but complementary aspects of one reality.
In the conclusion, he talks about what the brain sciences can learn from Quantum Mechanics:
“The work of QM has effectively dematerialized the classical universe by showing that it is not made of minuscule billiard balls, as drawing of atoms and molecules would lead us to believe. QM has shown that atoms and subatomic particles are not really objects- they do not exist with certainty at definite spatial locations and definite times. Rather they show ‘tendencies to exist,’ forming a world of potentialities within the quantum domain.”
In the future, he argues, we won’t make progress in understanding the relationship between the brain and mind until scientists can shed their insistence on materialism, which causes them to “neglect the subjective dimension of human experience and downplay the importance of mind and consciousness.” When we have firm expectations about what we’ll find when approaching a research problem, it comes as no surprise that those expectations are met. If we want to understand the human mind as fully as possible, on the other hand, we have to be more open to different possibilities.