The beginning of September marks the traditional start of a new school year, even if in reality, many start sooner or later. A few pieces of back-to-school inspiration:
The first is a blog post, How to learn anything better by tweaking your mindset. The post describes a study in which two groups were taught the exact same information, but one group was told ahead of time that they’d later need to teach the information to someone, and the other group was told they’d be tested on the material. In actuality, no one had to teach the information to someone new, and participants in both groups received the same post-learning test. Those who had been planning to teach the new info, however, did significantly better on the test than those who were planning on being tested. The bottom line is that when we learn something with the intent of teaching it, we actually synthesize the information more and mentally organize it better than when we believe we’re learning for a test.
Anecdotally, I find this true. The classes I’ve TA’ed in the past year have been outside my realm of knowledge, but I knew I’d have to get up in front of a group of students just a few days after hearing the professor’s lecture and help the students synthesize the information presented and answer questions about it. I’d never have a written test on the material, as the students would, but I’d have an oral one when leading discussion. Technically, the stakes were low for me – I wasn’t going to get a bad grade or lose my job as a TA, but learning the information in order to be a competent teacher seemed crucial. As a result, I went into sponge mode right before every lecture, and I believe that I sopped up much more information and made stronger connections among the things being taught than if I had been a student expecting to be tested on it later.
On a related note, Khan Academy reminds us that You can learn anything. Even though we often have to fail before we can succeed, “thankfully, we’re built to learn.”